Background Notes: Antigua & Barbuda

Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Official Info

Listing # RA-1024146


Details of Background Notes: Antigua & Barbuda, Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Official Info
Details for Background Notes: Antigua & Barbuda

Contributed By RealAdventures Support

Nationality: Noun and adjective -- Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s).
Population (1998): 69,006.
Annual population growth rate (1998): 1.5%.
Ethnic groups: Almost entirely of African origin; some of British, Portuguese, and Levantine Arab origin.
Religions: Principally Anglican, with evangelical Protestant and Roman Catholic minorities.
Language: English.
Education: Years compulsory -- 9. Literacy -- about 90%.
Health: Life expectancy -- 71 yrs. male; 75 yrs. female. Infant mortality rate -- 18/1,000.
Work force (32,000): Commerce and services, agriculture, other industry.
Unemployment (1996): 7.0% Nationality: Noun and adjective -- Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s).
Population (1998): 69,006.
Annual population growth rate (1998): 1.5%.
Ethnic groups: Almost entirely of African origin; some of British, Portuguese, and Levantine Arab origin.
Religions: Principally Anglican, with evangelical Protestant and Roman Catholic minorities.
Language: English.
Education: Years compulsory -- 9. Literacy -- about 90%.
Health: Life expectancy -- 71 yrs. male; 75 yrs. female. Infant mortality rate -- 18/1,000.
Work force (32,000): Commerce and services, agriculture, other industry.
Unemployment (1996): 7.0%



Contributed By RealAdventures Support

Antigua was first inhabited by the Siboney ("stone people") whose settlements date at least to 2400 BC. The Siboney were succeeded by the Arawaks who originated in Venezuela and gradually migrated up the chain of islands now called the Lesser Antilles. The warlike Carib people drove the Arawaks from neighboring islands but apparently did not settle on either Antigua or Barbuda.

Christopher Columbus landed on the islands in 1493 naming the larger one "Santa Maria de la Antigua." The English colonized the islands in 1632. Sir Christopher Codrington established the first large sugar estate in Antigua in 1674, and leased Barbuda to raise provisions for his plantations. Barbuda's only town is named after him. Codrington and others brought slaves from Africa's west coast to work the plantations.

Antiguan slaves were emancipated in 1834 but remained economically dependent on the plantation owners. Economic opportunities for the new freedmen were limited by a lack of surplus farming land, no access to credit, and an economy built on agriculture rather than manufacturing. Poor labor conditions persisted until 1939 when a member of a royal commission urged the formation of a trade union movement.

The Antigua Trades and Labor Union, formed shortly afterward, became the political vehicle for Vere Cornwall Bird who became the union's president in 1943. The Antigua Labor Party (ALP), formed by Bird and other trade unionists, first ran candidates in the 1946 elections and became the majority party in 1951 beginning a long history of electoral victories.

Voted out of office in the 1971 general elections that swept the progressive labor movement into power, Bird and the ALP returned to office in 1976; the party won renewed mandates in the general elections in 1984 and 1989. In the 1989 elections, the ruling ALP won all but two of the 17 seats.

During elections in March 1994, power passed from Vere Bird to his son, Lester Bird, but remained within the ALP which won 11 of the 17 parliamentary seats. In the last elections in March 1999, the ALP gained another seat resulting in a distribution of 12 seats to the ALP, four seats to the opposition United Progressive Party (UPP) led by Baldwin Spencer, and one seat to the Barbuda People's Movement (BPM).

Contributed By RealAdventures Support

Type: Constitutional monarchy with Westminster-style Parliament.
Constitution: 1981.
Independence: November 1, 1981.
Branches: Executive -- governor general (representing Queen Elizabeth II, head of state), prime minister (head of government), and cabinet. Legislative -- a 17-member Senate appointed by the governor general (mainly on the advice of the prime minister and the leader of the opposition) and a 17-member popularly elected House of Representatives. Judicial -- magistrate's courts, Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (High Court and Court of Appeals, privy council in London).
Administrative subdivisions: Six parishes and two dependencies (Barbuda and Redonda).
Political parties: Antigua Labor Party (ALP, incumbent), United Progressive Party (UPP), Barbuda People's Movement (BPM).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Contributed By RealAdventures Support

Chief of State -- Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General -- Sir James Carlisle
Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs -- Lester Bryant Bird
Ambassador to the U.S. and the OAS --
Lionel A. Hurst
Ambassador to the United Nations --
Patrick Albert Lewis

Antigua and Barbuda maintain an embassy in the United States at 3216 New Mexico Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20016 (tel. 202-362-5122).

Contributed By RealAdventures Support

As head of state, Queen Elizabeth II is represented in Antigua and Barbuda by a governor general who acts on the advice of the prime minister and the cabinet. Antigua and Barbuda has a bicameral legislature: a 17-member Senate appointed by the governor general -- mainly on the advice of the prime minister and the leader of the opposition -- and a 17-member popularly elected House of Representatives. The prime minister is the leader of the majority party in the House and conducts affairs of state with the cabinet. The prime minister and the cabinet are responsible to the Parliament. Elections must be held at least every five years but may be called by the prime minister at any time.

Antigua and Barbuda has a multiparty political system with a long history of hard fought elections, two of which have resulted in peaceful changes of government. The opposition, however, claims to be disadvantaged by the ruling party's longstanding monopoly on patronage and its control of the electronic media.

Constitutional safeguards include freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and association. Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the eastern Caribbean court system. Jurisprudence is based on English common law.

Contributed By RealAdventures Support

GDP (1999, current U.S. dollars): $175.7 million.
GDP growth rate (1998): 3.9%.
Per capita GDP (1999): $2,745.
Natural resources: Negligible.
Agriculture (1998, 4.0% of GDP): Products -- cotton, livestock, vegetables, pineapples.
Services: Tourism, banking, and other financial services.
Trade (1998): Exports -- $41 million -- OECS (26%), United States (.03%), Trinidad and Tobago (2%), Barbados (15%). Imports -- $373.6 million -- United States (27%), U.K. (16%), OECS (3%).

Contributed By RealAdventures Support

Antigua and Barbuda maintains diplomatic relations with the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the People's Republic of China, as well as with many Latin American countries and neighboring Eastern Caribbean states. It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of American States, the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, and the Eastern Caribbean's Regional Security System (RSS).

As a member of CARICOM, Antigua and Barbuda supported efforts by the United States to implement UN Security Council Resolution 940, designed to facilitate the departure of Haiti's de facto authorities from power. The country agreed to contribute personnel to the multinational force which restored the democratically elected government of Haiti in October 1994.

In May 1997, Prime Minister Bird joined 14 other Caribbean leaders and President Clinton for the first-ever U.S.-regional summit in Bridgetown, Barbados. The summit strengthened the basis for regional cooperation on justice and counter-narcotics issues, finance and development, and trade.

Contributed By RealAdventures Support

The United States has maintained friendly relations with Antigua and Barbuda since its independence. The United States has supported the Government of Antigua and Barbuda's effort to expand its economic base and to improve its citizens' standard of living. However, concerns over the lack of adequate regulation of the financial services sector prompted the U.S. Government to issue a financial advisory for Antigua and Barbuda in 1999. The U.S. also has been active in supporting post-hurricane disaster assistance and rehabilitation through USAID's Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance and the Peace Corps. Following the closure in July 1996 of the USAID regional mission for the eastern Caribbean, U.S. assistance is channeled primarily through multilateral agencies such as the Inter-American Development Bank, the World Bank, and the Caribbean Development Bank. In addition, Antigua and Barbuda receives counter-narcotics assistance and benefits from U.S. military exercise-related and humanitarian civic assistance construction projects.

Antigua and Barbuda is strategically situated in the Leeward Islands near maritime transport lanes of major importance to the United States. Antigua has long hosted a U.S. military presence. The former U.S. Navy support facility, turned over to the Government of Antigua and Barbuda in 1995, is now being developed as a regional Coast Guard training facility. The U.S. Air Force continues to maintain a space-tracking facility on Antigua. The U.S. embassy in Antigua closed on June 30, 1994.

Antigua and Barbuda's location close to the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico makes it an attractive transshipment point for narcotics traffickers. International concerns have also been raised by the vulnerability of the off-shore financial sector to money laundering. To address these problems, the U.S. and Antigua and Barbuda have signed a series of counter-narcotic and counter-crime treaties and agreements, including a maritime law enforcement agreement (1995), subsequently amended to include overflight and order-to-land provisions (1996); a bilateral extradition treaty (1996); and a mutual legal assistance treaty (1996).

In 1997, Antigua and Barbuda had more than 57,000 U.S. visitors. It is estimated that 4,500 Americans reside in the country.

Contributed By RealAdventures Support

Ambassador -- vacant
Charge d'Affaires -- Rolland W. Bullen
Political/Economic Counselor -- Brent D. Hardt
Consul General -- Theophilus J. Rose
Defense Attache -- Lt. Col. John Churchill
Regional Labor Attache -- Terrence Daru
Public Affairs Officer -- Emilia Puma
Peace Corps Director -- Earl Phillips (resident in St. Lucia)

The United States maintains no official presence in Antigua. The ambassador and embassy officers are resident in Barbados and travel to Antigua frequently. However, a U.S. consular agent resident in Antigua assists U.S. citizens in Antigua and Barbuda.

The U.S. embassy in Barbados is located in the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Building, Broad Street, Bridgetown (tel: 246-436-4950; fax: 246-429-5246).





Like This Listing? Share it with your friends


Map & Contact Info - Background Notes: Antigua & Barbuda


Interactive Map for Background Notes: Antigua & Barbuda
RealAdventures Support
Background Notes: Antigua & Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda









impressions Listing Impressions


Who do you think this listing would appeal most to?

Ideal For
 
Couples
0 votes
 
Family
0 votes
 
Groups
0 votes
 
Senior
0 votes
 
Solo
0 votes
 
Students
0 votes
Style & Spirit
 
Active
0 votes
 
Adventurous
0 votes
 
Educational
0 votes
 
Inspiring
0 votes
 
Party
0 votes
 
Relaxing
0 votes
 
Romantic
0 votes

Similar Listings You May Be Interested In

Accommodations in Antigua and Barbuda | View More...

Valley Creek Hotel & Fitness Centre

Valley Creek Hotel & Fitness Centre
Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Vacation Rentals
Valley Creek Hotel & Fitness Centre, an enchanting 10 duplex hotel located on the south-west of the picturesque island of Antigua, is the perfect getaway for the spirited at heart. Set away from the commercialism and congestion of the city. ...
$80 Per Night

Arcavilla,luxury villa for rent with 6 bedrooms an

Arcavilla,luxury villa for rent with 6 bedrooms an
Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Vacation Rentals
A luxury villa with view over Falmouth Harbour ,in a quiet location, with private pool and tropical trees. It is perfect for families or large groups. Each bedroom has ensuite bathroom, wooden furniture and ceiling fan....
$4,000 Per Week

Contemporary Luxury on the Beach at Carlisle Bay

Contemporary Luxury on the Beach at Carlisle Bay
Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Hotels & Resorts
Carlisle Bay, Antigua is one of the most talked about resorts in the Caribbean. Set on a breathtaking beach with a backdrop of lush rainforest covered hills, this all-suite hotel brings chic contemporary luxury to the beach....
$555 Per Night


Activities, Adventures & Tours in Antigua | View More...

Bike Plus

Bike Plus
Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Bike Tours
We are a Bicycle and Fitness Store. We do Bicycle Rentals long and short term. Our Bikes are Mountain Bikes. For one week Rental you get a day free. Adult Mountain Bikes Only Bike Plus Limited...
Rates from $20 Per Person


Personal Growth in Antigua and Barbuda | View More...

Touch Therapies-Antigua's Skincare & Laser Center

Touch Therapies-Antigua's Skincare & Laser Center
Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Health Spas & Retreats
A unique Medical Day Spa with two superb locations.... at Fort Road in St Johns , close to Heritage and Redcliffe Quay and Hawksbill Beach Resort....
Starting at $45 Per Event


Tours in Antigua and Barbuda | View More...

City View Hotel & Sapodilla Restaurant

City View Hotel & Sapodilla Restaurant
Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Sight-Seeing Tours
Small hotel in capital city of St.John's. Quality service and complete comfort. Spacious and air-conditioned rooms. Flat-screened TV's, free wireless internet. Room service. Visit the Sapodilla Restaurant , ground floor, for the best meals in town!...
$129 Per Night

Nicholson Yachts

Nicholson Yachts
Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Sight-Seeing Tours
Charter a sailing yacht, catamaran or power/motor yacht. Exclusive charters in the Caribbean, Virgin Islands, St Barths, Antigua, The Grenadines, also Croatia, Turkey and the Mediterranean. Explore the world by yacht, learn to scuba dive and more...
$400 Per Night/Pers

Sandhaven Beach Bar & Restaurant

Sandhaven Beach Bar & Restaurant
Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Sight-Seeing Tours
Sandhaven is the number one destination for cruise ship visitors in Antigua situated on the fantastic Runaway bay its truly a great place to come relax and soak up the island life and may be even a little rum..... ...


Vacation Ideas in Antigua and Barbuda | View More...
Le Bistro French Restaurant

Le Bistro French Restaurant
Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda French
Antigua's first authentic French Restaurant. Fine Dining in a romantic tropical setting. Great food complemented with a top class wine list...
Rates from $65 Per Person

Lamblion Guest Apartments

Lamblion Guest Apartments
All Saints, Antigua and Barbuda Sight-Seeing Tours
Lamblion offers 1 or 2 bedroom apartment, equipped for your comfort while visiting Antigua. Complimentary airport pickup for stay longer than one night and internet for your communication. 15 minutes from the airport and 15 to 20 min to any beach....
Affordable Rates from $80 Per Night


Advertise Your Accommodation or Travel Services


Create A ListingGreat Vacations & Exciting Destinations Listing
Add a full-page listing promoting your accommodations, tours or travel services to customers on our network of travel sites. Your listing page can have up to 26 images, unlimited text, interactive map, availability calendar, ecards, photo-gallery and more.
Rates From US $17 Per Month    » View Details

» See Link Codes
Link Codes - Add This Listing To Your Site

Add this listing to your website, CraigsList, FaceBook, MySpace or blog.

Background Notes: Antigua & Barbuda
Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Official Info
U.S. Department Of State information for Antigua & Barbuda

Great rates & deals!

>>

Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda Official Info | Antigua and Barbuda Official Info | Antigua and Barbuda Vacations | Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda
Official Info | Official Info Antigua and Barbuda
Link Code


RealAdventures Support
Background Notes: Antigua & Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda







Disclaimer: Information provided through RealAdventures website, newsletters, emails or other services has been provided directly by the companies and/or individuals owning or offering the products/services. RealAdventures does not guarantee or warranty the accuracy of the information contained herein. It is the sole responsibility of the user to ensure the accuracy and clarity of any posted material and to determine the suitability of any service for their particular needs or requirements. Likewise, it is the responsibility of advertisers to determine the suitability and credit worthiness of potential customers prior to any transaction.
/listings/1024146_Background-Notes-Antigua-Barbuda