The Republic of Mauritius is an island nation in the southwestern Indian Ocean, with a stable government and growing economy. Facilities for tourism are well developed. English, French, and Creole are spoken. The capital city is Port Louis.
A valid passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds are required. There is also an airport departure tax. Travelers should obtain the latest information and details from the Embassy of Mauritius at Suite 441, 4301 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone (202) 244-1491/2, or the Honorary Consulate in Los Angeles, telephone (310) 557-2009. Overseas inquiries may be made at the nearest Mauritian embassy or consulate.
Mauritian society experienced social tensions in early 1999 that led to outbursts of violence in February and May, resulting in fatalities. There have been no similar incidents since May 1999. Water shortages caused by an ongoing drought led to peaceful public demonstrations in November 1999, and such protests could recur if drought conditions persist. U.S. citizens should avoid crowds and street demonstrations and maintain security awareness at all times.
Petty crime is a problem. It is unwise to walk alone at night outside the immediate grounds of hotels. There is a potential for pickpocketing at the central market in Port Louis.
Medical facilities are available, but more limited than in the United States. Emergency assistance is limited. While public hospitals and clinics provide free care, many visitors may choose to be treated by private doctors and hospitals. Serious medical problems requiring hospitalization and/or medical evacuation to the United States can cost thousands of dollars or more. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services.
While in a foreign country, U.S. citizens may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States. The information below concerning Mauritius is provided for general reference only and may not be totally accurate in a particular location or circumstance.
Safety of public transportation: Fair
Urban road conditions/maintenance: Fair
Rural road conditions/maintenance: Poor
Availability of roadside assistance: Poor
In Mauritius, one drives on the left side of the street. Roads are sometimes narrow and uneven with inadequate lighting. Local driving habits are unpredictable. Drivers involved in an accident are required by law to remain at the scene until the police arrive. However, if an angry crowd gathers and those involved in the accident feel threatened, police and judicial authorities have in the past allowed them to leave the scene if they proceed directly to a police station. Public transportation is available between the main towns until 10:30 p.m. and in remote areas until 6:00 p.m.
Spearfishing equipment cannot be imported into Mauritius. All warm-blooded animals must undergo a minimum quarantine period of six months.
U.S. citizens living in or visiting Mauritius are encouraged to register at the Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy in Mauritius and obtain updated information on travel and security within Mauritius. The U.S. Embassy in Mauritius is located at Rogers House (Fourth Floor) on John F. Kennedy Street in Port Louis, telephone (230) 208-9764 through 69, 208-2347, and 208-2354; facsimile (230) 208-9534. The U.S. Embassy's home page is located at http://usembassymauritius.mu/; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
As there is no direct commercial air service by local carriers at present, or economic authority to operate such service, between the U.S. and Mauritius, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed Mauritius' civil aviation authority for compliance with international aviation safety standards. For further information, travelers may contact the Department of Transportation within the U.S. at 1-800-322-7873, or visit the FAA Internet home page at http://www.faa.gov/avr/iasa/index.htm. The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) separately assesses some foreign air carriers for suitability as official providers of air services. For information regarding the DOD policy on specific carriers, travelers may contact the DOD at 1-618-229-4801.