Travel Consideration: Tajikistan

Tajikistan Official Info

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Details of Travel Consideration: Tajikistan, Tajikistan Official Info
Details for Travel Consideration: Tajikistan

Tajikistan Official Info

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Tajikistan, a newly independent country in central Asia, has been undergoing profound political and economic changes since the break-up of the Soviet Union. After the civil war in 1992, sporadic fighting continued, largely in remote areas. Although comprehensive peace accords were signed in June 1997, some armed clashes involving renegade forces still take place. Tourist facilities are undeveloped, and many goods and services taken for granted in other countries are unavailable.



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A passport and visa are required. Entry into Tajikistan at points along the Gorno-Badakhshan border requires special authorization in advance. Without a visa, travelers cannot register at hotels and may be required to leave the country immediately. In the U.S., visas for Tajikistan are issued by the Russian Embassy, Consular Division, 1825 Phelps Place NW, Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone (202) 939-8907, or the Russian Consulates in New York, San Francisco or Seattle. Tajik visas granted by these offices are valid for a stay of three days in Tajikistan. If travelers plan a longer stay, they may apply for a longer visa at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs after arriving in the country.

Note: Travelers who intend to visit Tajikistan should obtain double-entry Russian, Kazak or Uzbek visas prior to departure, depending on intended transit points.

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Tajikistan has suffered from severe security problems since gaining independence. Tajikistan borders on Afghanistan, which currently shelters Usama bin Laden and serves as the base of his terrorist network. The continued instability in Afghanistan has adversely affected the security situation in those Central Asian countries which border it, including Tajikistan. In addition to the threat from Afghanistan, ethnic Uzbek Islamic extremists, currently located in Tajikistan, used Tajik territory to stage cross-border attacks into Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in 1999, taking hostage Japanese and Kyrgyz citizens in the process. Organized crime continues to be a serious problem in the capital city of Dushanbe and its environs. Sporadic violence, including bombings and shootings in public areas, is common and is largely the result of fighting between rival warlord factions competing for control of markets and narcotics trafficking. In addition, incidents between Government troops and militia factions occur regularly. These incidents have included several spontaneous shootouts in public marketplaces, a series of bombings around government buildings in February 2000, and the bombing of a public bus in February 2000 which killed at least 7 people. In March 2000, the Government began a campaign to disarm various factional militias operating in Dushanbe. This operation has involved the establishment of roadblocks throughout the city by heavily armed security personnel, who stop and search practically all vehicles; occasionally, this operation has met with armed resistance, resulting in the injury of passers-by.

Tajikistan has suffered from severe security problems since gaining independence. Tajikistan borders on Afghanistan, which currently shelters Usama bin Laden and serves as the base of his terrorist network. The continued instability in Afghanistan has adversely affected the security situation in those Central Asian countries which border it, including Tajikistan. In addition to the threat from Afghanistan, ethnic Uzbek Islamic extremists, currently located in Tajikistan, used Tajik territory to stage cross-border attacks into Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in 1999, taking hostage Japanese and Kyrgyz citizens in the process. Organized crime continues to be a serious problem in the capital city of Dushanbe and its environs. Sporadic violence, including bombings and shootings in public areas, is common and is largely the result of fighting between rival warlord factions competing for control of markets and narcotics trafficking. In addition, incidents between Government troops and militia factions occur regularly. These incidents have included several spontaneous shootouts in public marketplaces, a series of bombings around government buildings in February 2000, and the bombing of a public bus in February 2000 which killed at least 7 people. In March 2000, the Government began a campaign to disarm various factional militias operating in Dushanbe. This operation has involved the establishment of roadblocks throughout the city by heavily armed security personnel, who stop and search practically all vehicles; occasionally, this operation has met with armed resistance, resulting in the injury of passers-by.

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Tajikistan has suffered from severe security problems since gaining independence. Tajikistan borders on Afghanistan, which currently shelters Usama bin Laden and serves as the base of his terrorist network. The continued instability in Afghanistan has adversely affected the security situation in those Central Asian countries which border it, including Tajikistan. In addition to the threat from Afghanistan, ethnic Uzbek Islamic extremists, currently located in Tajikistan, used Tajik territory to stage cross-border attacks into Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in 1999, taking hostage Japanese and Kyrgyz citizens in the process. Organized crime continues to be a serious problem in the capital city of Dushanbe and its environs. Sporadic violence, including bombings and shootings in public areas, is common and is largely the result of fighting between rival warlord factions competing for control of markets and narcotics trafficking. In addition, incidents between Government troops and militia factions occur regularly. These incidents have included several spontaneous shootouts in public marketplaces, a series of bombings around government buildings in February 2000, and the bombing of a public bus in February 2000 which killed at least 7 people. In March 2000, the Government began a campaign to disarm various factional militias operating in Dushanbe. This operation has involved the establishment of roadblocks throughout the city by heavily armed security personnel, who stop and search practically all vehicles; occasionally, this operation has met with armed resistance, resulting in the injury of passers-by.

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The medical infrastructure of Tajikistan is significantly below Western standards. Many trained medical personnel have left the country. Medical equipment and medicines are scarce. Serious medical problems requiring hospitalization and/or medical evacuation to the United States can cost thousands of dollars or more. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services.

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Significant disease outbreaks are possible due to population shifts and the breakdown in immunization activity. There have been outbreaks of typhoid in the Dushanbe area and in the south, and the risk of cholera and water-borne illnesses is high. Information on vaccinations and other health precautions may be obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Preventionís hotline for international travelers at 1-877-FYI-TRIP (1-877-394-8747); fax 1-888-CDC-FAXX (1-888-232-3299), or via their Internet site at http://www.cdc.gov.

The government of Tajikistan requires visitors who remain in country for more than 90 days to present a medical certificate showing that they are AIDS-free, or to submit to an AIDS test in Tajikistan. This testing requirement has not been implemented, but could be at any time. Because of the lack of medical supplies, submitting to an AIDS test in Tajikistan could be risky.

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Significant disease outbreaks are possible due to population shifts and the breakdown in immunization activity. There have been outbreaks of typhoid in the Dushanbe area and in the south, and the risk of cholera and water-borne illnesses is high. Information on vaccinations and other health precautions may be obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Preventionís hotline for international travelers at 1-877-FYI-TRIP (1-877-394-8747); fax 1-888-CDC-FAXX (1-888-232-3299), or via their Internet site at http://www.cdc.gov.

The government of Tajikistan requires visitors who remain in country for more than 90 days to present a medical certificate showing that they are AIDS-free, or to submit to an AIDS test in Tajikistan. This testing requirement has not been implemented, but could be at any time. Because of the lack of medical supplies, submitting to an AIDS test in Tajikistan could be risky.

As there is no direct commercial air service by local carriers at present, or economic authority to operate such service, between the U.S. and Tajikistan, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has not assessed Tajikistanís Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with international aviation safety standards.

For further information, travelers may contact the Department of Transportation within the U.S. at 1-800-322-7873, or visit the FAAís Internet web site at http://www.faa.gov/avr/iasa/iasa.pdf. The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) separately assesses some foreign air carriers for suitability as official providers of air services. For information regarding the DOD policy on specific carriers, travelers may contact DOD at (618) 256-4801.


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U.S. citizens are encouraged to register with the Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy Almaty, Kazakhstan and obtain updated information on travel and security within Tajikistan. The U.S. Embassy in Almaty is located at 99/97A Furmanov Street, telephone 7(3272) 63-39-05. U.S. citizens may also register with the Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy in Tajikistan by telephone or fax, but emergency consular services for U.S. citizens may be limited or unavailable. The U.S. Embassy is temporarily located at 10 Pavola Street, Dushanbe, telephone 011 (992)(372) 21-03-48/50/52 fax 011 (992)(372) 21-03-62.

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As there is no direct commercial air service by local carriers at present, or economic authority to operate such service, between the U.S. and Tajikistan, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has not assessed Tajikistanís Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with international aviation safety standards.

For further information, travelers may contact the Department of Transportation within the U.S. at 1-800-322-7873, or visit the FAAís Internet web site at http://www.faa.gov/avr/iasa/iasa.pdf. The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) separately assesses some foreign air carriers for suitability as official providers of air services. For information regarding the DOD policy on specific carriers, travelers may contact DOD at (618) 256-4801.

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