A country where people form different cultures, religions and ethnic backgrounds come together! A geography, as ancient as the human culture, where the ancient continents of Asia and Europe meet. Turkey is a paradise of sea, sun and mountains, at the same time offering the visitors the pleasure of historical treasures of magnificent ancient cities. From April to October, most parts of Turkey have an ideal climate providing perfect conditions which a visitor can enjoy the comfort of sandy beaches and also the unique atmosphere of Ancient Cities. It is doubtless that just one visit will not be enough, one will want to come back time after time as the extraordinary places and tastes are discovered. Turkey, exotic, colorful, many-faceted, romantic, ever-old and ever-new, is the gateway and the key to the fabled East. Turkey has a magnificent past and is a land full of historic treasures.
Tourism: In recent years Turkey has become a major tourist destination in Europe. With the rapid development of both summer and winter Resorts
, more and more people from all over the world are able to enjoy the history, culture, and beautiful sites of Turkey.
Agriculture: Has got a very important place in the Turkish economy. The main crops are wheat, rice, cotton, tea, tobacco, hazelnuts, and fruit. Sheep are Turkey’s most important livestock, and Turkey is one of European wool and cotton producer. Southeast Anatolia Project (Gap) is a multipurpose, integrated development project comprising of dams, hydroelectric power plants and irrigation facilities, that are to be built on the Firat (Euphrates) and Dicle (Tigris) rivers. It will affect agriculture, transportation, education, tourism, health and other sectors.
Istanbul is the only city in the world located on two continents, Europe and Asia. In its thousands of years of history, it has been the capital of three great empires - Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman.
2- The number of archeological excavations going on in Turkey every year is at least 150.
3-The oldest known human settlement, dating back to 650 B.C. is in Catalhöyük near Konya in the central Anatolian region of Turkey.The Earliest landscape painting in history exists on a wall of a Catalhöyük House. It shows the eruption of a volcano, probably that of nearby Hasandag.
4- Many important events in the birth of christianity occured in Turkey. Apostles St.John,St. paul and St. Peter have all lived and preached in Anatolia. About 7 kms. away in the forested mountain above Ephesus is the House of Virgin Mary, A modest stone house where the Virgin Mary lived her last days. It is believed that St. John brought Mary to this site after Christ's cruxifixion. Vatican declared the House of Virgin Mary a holy site in 1967.
5- Antioch, once called the ''Queen of the East '' and known as the third largest city of the Roman Empire, played a key role in the spread of Christianity. St.Paul began his three missionary journeys from there and it was at Antioch that the followers of Jesus were first called Christians. A cave known today as the Grotto of St.Peter or the church of St.Peter is believed to be where the Apostle Peter preached when he lived in Antioch. In 1963, The Papacy designated the site as a place of pilgrimage and also recognized it as the World's first cathedral.
6- Anatolia is the birthplace of many historic legends, such as: the powerful Phyrigian King Midas, the World's first historian Heredotus and St. Paul, The Apostle. Archeologists from the Pennsylvania Museum opened the tomb of King Midas in 1957. They discovered some of the earliest and best preserved wooden furniture in the world.
7- St. Nicholas, known today as Santa Claus, was born in Patara and served as Bishop of Myra(Demre) on Turkey's Mediterranean Coast. It is believed that Nicholas died in Myra on December 6th at the age of 65. The village is home to the famous Church of St. Nicholas which houses a sarcophagus believed to be the original tomb of St. Nicholas.
According to The Old Testament, The Patriarch Abraham was born in Sanli Urfa , a city in southeast Turkey. The city's ancient name was Ur or Edessa. A cave there is thought to be Abraham's birthplace. It is become a place of pigrimage and is now surrounded by the Halil Rahman Mosque.
9- Julius Ceasar proclaimed his celebrated words, ''Veni,Vidi,Vici'' ( I came,I saw, I conquered ) in Turkey when he defaeted the Pontus, a formidable kingdom in the Black Sea region of Turkey.
10- Turks introduced coffee to Europe.Coffee was first brought to Istanbul from Yemen in the 16th century. It was in Turkey that a new method of preparing ground coffee-now called Turkish Coffee- was invented and Turks introduced this new drink prepared in their own way to Europe by the 17th century. Pierre Loti, Victor Hugo, Dumas, Moliere and Balzac are among those who are known to have admired Turkish Coffee. Drinking Coffee is still an essential element of Turkish Culture.
11- Trojan Wars, depicted in Homer's epic Iliad took place in western Turkey in about 1200 B.C. A symbolic wooden Horse at the site commemorates this legendary war.
12- It was from Giresun, a city on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, that the Roman general Lucullus exported the first cherry trees to Europe. Giresun is a variation of the ancient name Kerasus, meaning city of cherries, from the Greek word for cherry, Kerasi.
13- Turks gave the Dutch their famous tulips.
14- Coins were first minted in history by Lydians,in West Turkey.
15- Piri Reis, well known Turkish captain and navigator of the late 15th century, prepared and drew the map known today as ''Piri Reis Map'' in the city of Gallipoli-Turkey in 1513. Drawn on gazelle hide, this map showed the then known portions of the World : Europe, Asia , Africa, and such parts of America as had been discovered.
16- Not like many believes Byzantine Empire (395 A.D.) is not the first Christian State. Armenians became the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion back in 301 AD.
17- The Biblical rivers; Euphrates and Tigris are born in Eastern Turkey.
18- Two of the 7 Wonders of Ancient world are in Turkey;The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus and the Temple of Artemis.
19- Parchment was invented in Pergamum(North of İzmir) an alternative to payrus when Kleopatra had given the order to stop papyrus export to Anatolia.
20- Part of Turkey's southwestern shore was a wedding gift that Mark Anthony gave to Kleopatra. Coastal Turkey was where Kleopatra used to spend her summer escapes with prolonged lover Antonius.
21- Aesop, famous for his fables and parables, was born in Anatolia.
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Alexander the Great conquered a large territory in what is now Turkey and cut the Gordion Knot in the Phyrigian capital (Gordium) not far from Turkey's present-day capital (Ankara).
23- Early Christians escaping Roman persecution nearly 2000 years ago sheltered in Cappadocia in Central Anatolia.
24- The Amazons originated in Turkey's northeastern region.
25- The first Ecumenical Council was held in İznik.
26- Leonardo da Vinci drew designs for a bridge over the Bosphorus, the strait that flows through Europe and Asia. It was never built.
27- According to Turkish tradition a stranger at one's doorstep is considered ''A Guest from God'' and should be accommodated accordingly.
28- Anatolia is the location of Seven Churches of Asia.
29- Suleyman the Magnificent(the famous Ottoman Sultan) was a poet who wrote over 3000 poems, some of them criticizing the greed of mankind.
30- Turkey is a long time member of Nato (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) since 1952.
31- Anatolia was producing wine as early as 4000 BC.
32- Turkey provides 70% of the world's hazelnuts; the nut in your chocolate bar was most probably grown in Turkey.
33- Istanbul has a 540 year old covered shopping mall of 64 streets, 4000 shops, 22 entrances and 25000 workers, the famous Grand Bazaar.
34- Hezarfen Ahmet Calebi was the first man who flew a significant distance using wings across the Bosphorus.
35- Anatolia is the location of the first known beauty contest, judged by Paris, with Aphrodite, Hera and Athena as leading participants.
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